Bibliography for Introduced Amphibians in North America

Bufo

Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1956. Effect of marine toad toxins on man. Herpetologica 12(2): 150-151.

Brattstrom, B. H. 1962. Homing in the giant toad, Bufo marinus. Herpetologica 18(3): 176-180.

Easteal, S. 1981. The history of introduction of Bufo marinus (Amphibia:Anura); a natural experiment in evolution. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 16: 93-113.

Easteal, S. 1988. Range expansion and its genetic consequences in populations of the giant toad, Bufo marinus. in Hecht, M. H., et al, eds. Evolutionary Biology (vol. 23) Plenum Press, New York.

Easteal, S. 1986. The ecological genetics of introduced populations of the giant toad, Bufo marinus (Amphibia: Anura): dispersal and neighborgood size. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 27:17-45.

Easteal, S. 1985. The ecological genetics of introduced populations of the giant toad, Bufo marinus. II. Effective population size. Genetics 110:107-122.

Easteal, S. 1985. The ecological genetics of introduced populations of the giant toad, Bufo marinus. III. Geographical patterns of variation. Evolution 39:1065-1075.

Easteal, S. 1986. The ecological genetics of introduced populations of the giant toad, Bufo marinus. IV. Gene flow estimated from admixture in Australian populations. Heredity 56:145-156.

Krakauer, T. 1968. The ecology of the neotropical toad, Bufo marinus, in south Florida. Herpetologica 24(3): 214-221.

Krakauer, T. 1970. Tolerance limits of the toad, Bufo marinus, in south Florida. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 33: 15-26.

Meshaka, W. E., Jr. 1994. Giant toad eaten by red-shouldered hawk. Florida Field Naturalist 22(2):54-55.

Riemer, WJ. 1959. Giant toads of Florida. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Science. 21:207-211.

Stevenson, D., and D. Crowe. 1992. Bufo marinus. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 23(3): 85.

Zug, GR, and PB Zug. 1979. The marine toad, Bufo marinus: a natural history resume of native populations. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 284:1-58.

Eleutherodactylus

Austin, D. F., and A. Schwartz. 1975. Another exotic amphibian in Florida, Eleutherodactylus coqui. Copeia 1975(1):188.

Carey, S. D. 1982. Eleutherodactylus planirostris planirostris. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 13(4): 130.

Dundee, H. A. 1994. Eleutherodactylus planirostris planirostris. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 25(4): 160.

Jensen, J. B., and J. G. Palis. 1995. Eleutherodactylus planirostris. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 26(2): 104.

Loftus, W. F., and R. Herndon. 1984. Reestablishment of the coqui, Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas, in southern Florida. Herpetological Review 15(1):23.

Platt, S. G., and L. W. Fontenot. Eleutherodactylus planirostris. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 26(4): 207.

Plotkin, M., and R. Atkinson. 1979. Eleutherodactylus planirostris planirostris. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 10(2): 59.

Osteopilus

Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1953. The treefrog, Hyla septentrionalis, in Florida. Copeia 1953(2): 127-128.

Meshaka, Jr., W. E. 1996. Vagility and the Florida distribution of the Cuban treefrog (Osteopilus septentrionalis). Herpetological Review 27(1): 37-40.

Meshaka, Jr., W. E. 1997. Osteopilus septentrionalis. Natural History Note. Herpetological Review 28(3): 147.

Myers, G. S. 1950. The systematic status of Hyla septentrionalis, the large tree frog of the Florida Keys, the Bahamas and Cuba. Copeia 1950(3): 203-214.

Somma, L. A., and Crawford, D. M. 1993. Osteopilus septentrionalis. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 24(4): 153.

Rana

Black, J.H. 1969. The frog genus Rana in Montana. Northwest Science 43(4): 191-195.

Bryant, H. C. 1917. The leopard frog in California. California Fish and Game 3(2): 90.

Clarkson, R. W., and J. C. DeVos, Jr. 1986. The bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana Shaw, in the lower Colorado River, Arizona-California. Journal of Herpetology 20(1): 42-49.

Fisher, R.N., and H.B. Shaffer. 1996. The decline of amphibians in California's Great Central Valley. Conservation Biology 10(5):1387-1397.

Green, DM. 1978. Northern leopard frogs and bullfrogs on Vancouver Island. Can. Field Naturalist 92:78-79.

Hammerson, G. A. 1982. Bullfrog eliminating leopard frogs in Colorado? Herpetological Review 13(4): 115-116.

Hayes, M., and F. Cliff. 1982. A checklist of the herpetofauna of Butte County, the Butte Sink and Sutter Buttes, California. Herpetological Review 13(3): 85-87.

Hayes, M. P., and M. R. Jennings. 1986. Decline of ranid frog species in western north america: are bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) responsible? Journal of Herpetology 20(4):490-509.

Jennings, M. R. 1988. Origin of the population of Rana aurora draytonii on Santa Cruz Island, California. Herpetological Review 19(4): 76.

Jennings, M. R., and M. P. Hayes. 1985. Pre-1900 overharvest of California red-legged frogs (Rana aurora draytonii): The inducement for bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) introduction. Herpetologica 41(1): 94-103.

Kupferberg, S. J. 1993. Bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) invade a northern California river A plague or species coexistence? Bull. Ecol. Soc. Am. Program and Abstracts supplement to 74:319-320.

Kupferberg, S. J. 1994. Exotic larval bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana) as prey for native garter snakes: functional and conservation implications. Herpetological Review 25(3): 95-97.

Lardie, R.L. 1968. A brief review of the bullfrog as a conservation problem with particular reference to its occurrence in Washington State. Bulletin of the Pacific Northwest Herpetological Society 3(1): 4-6.

Moyle, P. B. 1973. Effects of introduced bullfrogs, Rana catesbeiana, on the native frogs of the San Joaquin Valley, California. Copeia 1973(1): 18-22.

Neck, R. W. 1980. Rana catesbeiana. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 11(2): 38.

Neck, R. W. 1981. Probable native population of bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, in south Texas. Herpetological Review 12(2): 68.

Neck, R. W. 1983. Origin of Rana catesbeiana populations in the Rio Grande Delta of Texas. Herpetological Review 14(2): 55.

Nelson, S.K., and P.C. Rosen. 1996. Native and introduced ranid frogs on the San Pedro River, Arizona. (Abstract.) January 1996 Meeting of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force Southwestern United States Working Group, Tucson, Arizona.

Parizek, D.A., Jr., et al. 1995. Status of the plains leopard frog in Arizona. (Abstract.) January 1995 Meeting of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force Southwestern United States Working Group, Phoenix, Arizona.

Platz, J. E., et al. 1990. Rana berlandieri: recently introduced populations in Arizona and southeastern California. Copeia 1990(2): 324-333.

Rorabaugh, J.C., et al. 1996. Rana berlandieri: new localities in Yuma and Maricopa counties, Arizona, and Imperial County, California. (Abstract.) January 1996 Meeting of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force Southwestern United States Working Group, Tucson, Arizona.

Schwalbe, C.R., and P.C. Rosen. 1995. Bullfrog-removal experiments in a Southwestern wetland complex. (Abstract.) January 1995 Meeting of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force Southwestern United States Working Group, Phoenix, Arizona.

Smith, H. M., G. A. Hammerson, D. Chiszar and C. Ramotnik. 1993. Rana pipiens (Northern Leopard Frog). Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 24(4):153.

Snyder, J., et al. 1996. Exotic species and the distribution of native amphibians in the San Rafael Valley, AZ. (Abstract.) January 1996 Meeting of the Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force Southwestern United States Working Group, Tucson, Arizona.

Storer, T. I. 1922. The eastern bullfrog in California. Cal. Fish and Game 8(4): 219-224.

Xenopus

Avila, V. L., and P. G. Frye. 1977. Feeding behavior in the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis Daudin). Herpetologica 33(2): 152-161.

Avila, V. L., and P. G. Frye. 1978. Feeding behavior of the African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis Daudin): (Amphibia, Anura, Pipidae): Effects of prey type. Journal of Herpetology 12(3): 391-396.

Bacchus, S. T., et al. 1993. Xenopus laevus. Geographic Distribution Note. Herpetological Review 24(2): 65.

Lafferty, K.D., and C.J. Page. 1997. Predation on the endangered tidewater goby, Eucylogobius newberryi, by the introduced African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, with notes on the frog's parasites. Copeia 1997(3): 589-592.

McCoid, M. J. 1985. An observation of reproductive behavior in a wild population of African clawed frogs, Xenopus laevis, in California. California Fish and Game 71(4): 245-246.

McCoid, MJ, and Fritts, TH. 1980. Notes on the diet of a feral population of Xenopus laevis in California. Southwestern Naturalist 25:272-275.

McCoid, MJ, and Fritts, TH. 1980. Observations of feral populations of Xenopus laevis in southern California. Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 79:82-86.

McCoid, MJ, and Fritts, TH. 1989. Growth and fatbody cycles in feral populations of the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, in California. Southwestern Naturalist 34: 499-505.

McCoid, MJ, and Fritts, TH. 1993. Speculations on colonizing success of the African clawed frog in California. South African Journal of Zoology 28:59-61.

McCoid, M. J., and T. H. Fritts. 1995. Female reproductive potential and winter growth of African clawed frogs (Pipidae:Xenopus laevis) in California. California Fish and Game 81(1): 39-42.

McCoid, M. J., et al. 1993. Possible decline of Xenopus populations in southern California. Herpetological Review 24(1): 29-30.

St. Amant, J.A., G. R. Stewart. 1973. African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis laevis (Daudin), established in California. California Fish and Game 59(2): 151-153.

Tinsley, R. C., et al. 1996. Geographical distribution and ecology. in Tinsley, R.C., and H. R. Kobel, eds. The Biology of Xenopus, The Zoological Society of London, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Tinsley, R. C., and M. J. McCoid. 1996. Feral populations of Xenopus outside Africa. in Tinsley, R.C., and H. R. Kobel, eds. The Biology of Xenopus, The Zoological Society of London, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Zielinski, W.J., and G. T. Barthalmus. 1989. African clawed frog skin compounds: antipredatory effects on African and North American water snakes. Animal Behavior 38(6): 1083-1086.

Ambystoma

Blasus, R. 1996. Field notes: non-native species. Minnesota Herp. Soc. Newsletter 16(10): 10.

Collins, J. P. 1981. Distribution, habitats and life history variation in the tiger salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum, in east-central and southeast Arizona. Copeia 1981(3): 666-675.

Collins, J. P., et al. 1980. Ambystoma tigrinum: A multi-species conglomerate? Copeia 1980(4): 938-941.

Collins, J. P., et al. Conserving genetically distinctive populations: The case of the Huachuca tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi Lowe). in Szaro, R. C., et al., eds. Management of amphibians, reptiles and small mammals in north america. USDA Forest Service GTR-RM-166, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Jones, T. R., and J. P. Collins. 1992. Analysis of a hybrid zone between subspecies of the tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum) in central New Mexico, USA. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 5:275-402.

Jones, T. R., et al. 1988. Systematic status and distribution of Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi Lowe (Amphibia: Caudata). Copeia 1988(3): 621-635.

Jones, T. R., et al. 1995. Ancestry of an isolated subspecies of salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi

Lowe: The evolutionary significance of hybridization. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 4(2): 194-202.