Venom Resistance in Mammals

1. Opossum (Didelphis marsupialis) - Resistant to Bothrops lanceolatus

  • Rodriguea-Acosta, A., I. Aguilar, and M.E. Giron. 1995. Antivenom activity of opossum (Didelphis marsupialis) serum fraction. Toxicon 33(1): 95-98.

2. Opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

  • Perez, J.C., S. Pichyangkul, and V.E. Garcia. 1979. The resistance of three species of warm-blooded animals to western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) venom. Toxicon 17: 601-607.

3. Hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus)

  • Perez, J.C., S. Pichyangkul, and V.E. Garcia. 1979. The resistance of three species of warm-blooded animals to western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) venom. Toxicon 17: 601-607.

4. Gray woodrat (Neotoma micropus)

  • Perez, J.C., S. Pichyangkul, and V.E. Garcia. 1979. The resistance of three species of warm-blooded animals to western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox) venom. Toxicon 17: 601-607.

5. Mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) - Resistant to Vipera palaestinae

  • Ovadia, M., and Kochva, E. 1977. Neutralization of Viperidae and Elapidae snake venoms by sera of different animals. Toxicon 15: 541+

6. Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) - Resistant to 9 species of venomous snakes

  • Omori-Satoh, T., Y. Nagaoka, D. Mebs. 1994. Muscle extract of hedgehog, Erinaceus europaeus, inhibits hemorrhagic activity of snake venoms. Toxicon 32(10): 1279-1281.

Also, check out:

  • Domont, G.B., J.Perales, and H. Moussatché. 1991. Natural anti-snake venom proteins (Review article). Toxicon 29(10): 1183-1194.